A study released just last Thursday claims that overweight women with low levels of a hormone that can help prevent insulin resistance are 7 times more prone to develop gestational diabetes.
The study, which has been published in Diabetes Journal, found out on the other hand that women with high levels of adiponectin were twice as likely to experience diabetes in their pregnancy. Lead researcher Monique M. Hedderson said that the study signifies that there are possible interventions and actions even before a woman gets pregnant. Hedderson, from the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research in Oakland California, further stressed that adiponectin levels are relatively easy to test. Current test for gestational diabetes, specifically the glucose challenge test, is usually done in between 24-48 weeks of pregnancy.
Gestional diabetes, also called as pregnancy diabetes, can result into huge babies just like in the case of the German woman who gave birth to a baby weighing 13.7 lbs. If you can’t picture how big of a baby that was, just double the size of the usual newborn babies you see. Furthermore, if untreated or diagnosed late, gestational diabetes can lead to delivery complications that put both the mom and the baby at risk.
In addition, women who experience gestational diabetes are also said to be 7 more times more likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes later in life. Their children are also more likely to be overweight and to develop diabetes when they grow old. These are just some of the things which can be caused by untreated pregnancy diabetes.
The study used Kaiser’s Permanente’s electronic health records to sort out 4,000 women who were able to provide blood samples during their prenatal checkups between 1985 and 1996. Of these number 256 women developed gestational diabetes.
Through the data, they found out a pattern relating the level of adiponectin and the probability of getting gestational diabetes. Overweight women with low levels of the aforementioned hormone are 7 times more likely to get GD. Those who are not overweight but still with low levels of adiponection are also at risk of contracting the disease. They are 4 times more likely, slightly better stat compared to overweight participants, to get gestational diabetes as compared to those with normal levels of adiponectin. To sum it up, the higher the Body Mass Index is the higher the risk of gestational diabetes.
The researchers revealed that participants come from all types of race, ethnicity and education. Hedderson do realize that there are potential for studies related to theirs. For one, more study should be commissioned to determine having a healthy diet and doing exercise can cause an increase in adiponectin, thereby limiting the risk for gestational diabetes.
Do you have gestational diabetes? or know a loved one who do? Check out our highly specialized gestational diabetes app that can help monitor your food intake and blood sugar level.